Basic Diabetes Care

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Type 2 diabetes is a disease in which your pancreas does not produce enough insulin, or your body does not properly use the insulin it makes. As a result, glucose (sugar) builds up in your blood instead of being used for energy. Your body gets glucose from foods like bread, potatoes, rice, pasta, milk and fruit. To use this glucose, your body needs insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps your body to control the level of glucose (sugar) in your blood.

10 ways to stay healthy with Type 2 Diabetes:

Five Things You Can Do Daily:
  • Eat a well – Eat a balanced diet by following Canada’s Food Guide to Healthy Eating. You can find the guide online
    Alternatively, seek help from a registered dietician.
  • Aim for a Healthy Body Weight – Lose weight, especially around the middle.
  • Stay active – Aim to add aerobic and resistance exercises into your daily lifestyle.
  • Quit smoking – Stop smoking to decrease your risk of cardiovascular disease.
  • Examine your feet – Learn about proper foot care with your health care provider.
Five Things to Get Your Healthcare Provider to Check:
  • Blood sugar – Ask your health care provider if you should be checking your blood sugar and if so, when and how often. Record your readings.
  • Blood pressure – Ask your health care provider about your blood pressure and know your reading.
  • Cholesterol – Ask your health care provider about your cholesterol levels.
  • Eye Disease – Visit an eye care specialist for early detection of eye disease.
  • Kidney disease – Ask your health care provider if you have been screened for kidney disease.

Ref: CDA Clinical Practice Guidelines 2008

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